Centrally Sponsored Schemes
Centrally Sponsored Schemes

Centrally Sponsored Schemes

Action Plan for Conservation and Management of Wetlands (CSS)

This is a centrally sponsored scheme, which is being implemented since the year 2001-02. In this scheme, the activities related to conservation, prevention and management of wetlands of the state are carried out. Under this, mainly survey to define boundary and demarcation work in Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary as well as wild animals breeding and conservation, bird census, dredging of rivers bringing water into Nal Sarovar and seed sowing activity on the lake shore, increase tourist facilities, nesting improvement, feed for birds and development of grazing lands, formation of self-help groups for the benefit of localites and research and monitoring activities are carried out.

Considering the strong possibility of getting assistance under this centrally sponsored scheme for other wetland areas of the state, other 23 wetland areas have also been identified other than Nal Sarovar in the state and procedures for getting the central assistance for conservation, prevention and development by preparing management plan have also been carried out.

National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco System (NPCA)

This scheme is centrally sponsored one, which is in effect from the year 2014-15 and the standard of 70:30 for funding have been adopted, i.e. 70% central share and 30% state share.
As per the Order No. J-22012/61/2009-CS-(W) of the Ministry of Environment and Forests of Government of India, the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) and the National Wetlands Conservation Programme (NWCP) have been merged and an integrated scheme namely National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems (NPCA) has been proposed. Management action plans were asked for wetlands recognized by this letter for the 12th five-year plan period. Assistance were provided for various conservational activities like surve, demarcation, catchment area treatment, desilting & dredging, bio-fencing, fisheries development, weed control, biodiversity conservation, pollution abatement, education & awareness and community participation etc. 100% central assistance were given for research and measures supporting implementation of management action plan. By amending the reference letter with regard to these measures, it was decided to prevent pollution and conservation of permanent reservoirs of urban and semi-urban areas and stated that activities like interception, diversion and treatment of wastewater entering the lake as well as catchment area treatment, lake fencing, inter-lake activities, lake front eco-development and public participation can be undertaken.

By this notification, it is stated that the funding under NLCP for the expenses is to be shared by the Central and State governments in the ratio of 70:30.

By this amendment, it was decided to prepare the presentable proposals and management action plan with a wide scope and in situ long term measures for prevention of preventing degradation. Moreover, it was also decided that the management of such wetlands shall be carried out by their own fund after the implementation of this program.

As the conservation of lakes being a multidisciplinary task, the emphasis was placed on having a strong institutional mechanism as well as on coordination between concerned agencies and state government during planning and project preparation to implementation. It was desired in the concerned letter that state governments constitute lake and wetlands development authority by taking benefit of the new scheme and like Jammu-Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Manipur, it is requested to concerned implementing agencies and government departments to produce Management Action Plan (including Ramsar site) for conservation and management with wide scope and dimensions by bringing to the board for effective implementation in this area.

In addition, by the letter J-16011-5/2009–NRCD–II (VOL-II) dated 15/3/2013 written from Government of India’s deputy secretary level to the chief secretaries of all the states, the National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) came into force during the 12th Plan at an estimated cost of Rs. 900 crore on 70:30 cost sharing basis between the Central Government and respective State Governments with approved outlay of Rs. 525 crore.

With this scheme, to ensure the complete conservation and restoration of lakes and wetlands as well as improvement in expected water quality plus ecosystem and area, integrated approach of the different departments and formation of a general regulatory framework was suggested. Pollution abatement and for rational use and preservation of diversity as well as interest of the stakeholders is expected from this scheme.

Ratio of expenditure between Central and State Government for financial provision is as follow :

Sr. No. Component (Proposed Allocation) Rs. Crore Cost Sharing Ratio
1 Preparing list of lakes/wetlands 10.00 100% Centre
2 Information system for lakes/wetlands 05.00 100% Centre
3 Implementation of MAP/Central Plan 880.00 70:30
4 Research and capacity improvement 5.00 100% Centre

Earlier, the assistance was given on the basis of 70:30. As per the notification No.FFC/102013/56/B Part File-2 dated 19/6/2015 of Forest & Environment Department, Gandhinagar, it is now decided to keep the funding ratio of 50:50 between the center and state government. i.e. the Centre shall contribute 50% of the expenses against the 50% share of the state government.

Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (CSS)

The scheme is launched for protection of wildlife habitat in the various wildlife sanctuaries of the states. Sanctuaries and national parks are scientifically developed and protected and wild animals are also protected under this scheme. There are 23 sanctuaries and 4 national parks in the state. Wild animals are connected with forests. Environment is based on this issue. A management plan is prepared to carry out this activity that primarily includes development, conservation and breeding of wild animals. Moreover, activity of eco-development is also carried out in the nearby villages.

Earlier, 100% assistance was given in the Centrally Sponsored Schemes. As per the notification No.FFC/102013/56/B Part File-2 dated 19/6/2015 of Forest & Environment Department, Gandhinagar, it is now decided to keep the funding ratio of 50:50 between the center and state government. i.e. the Centre shall contribute 50% of the expenses against the 50% share of the state government.

Long Term Conservation of Asiatic Lion under Finance Commission

Gir National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary comprises 1412.42 sq. km. of forest area. There are total 54 ‘Nesses’, the small settlements of local Maldharis and about 14 forest villages. There are about 300 villages in the 10 km surrounding area of this sanctuary. According to 2015 lion census, there are total 523 lions in and around this sanctuary. Hence, the population and coverage have been increased in terms of successful protection of lions. Lion movement is reported in Girnar, the coastal areas, some areas of Mahuva and Palitana Taluka of Bhavnagar as well as Gariadhar, Liliya and Savarkundla Taluka of Amreli district. Vehicular traffic has also increased because of good road conditions in the adjoining areas of Gir. Illegal activities were also come to notice along with development in this area, which resulted in to damage to the wildlife. Some very serious cases of illegal lion killing by the poachers for their nails and bones in the protected area were also reported. There was a high demand for the fossils of lion and other animals in national and international market and therefore it is necessary to take intensive actions to protect them. As the roaming area of lion has also been increased to 20,000 sq km, a proposal for concentrated approach for protection of the lion has also been presented.

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