Development of Social Forestry
Development of Social Forestry

Development of Social Forestry

Objectives

Considering the conservation and development of forest and wildlife ecological scenario in the state and increasing demand of forest produces, promotion of tree planting on non-forest land through Social Forestry programme has, therefore, was imperative as also it was considered to be the only answer to improve the green cover as well as to conserve the forests.Under these circumstances, in the year 1969-70, Gujarat Forest Department launched a "Social Forestry Programme" for planting trees on non-forest lands and since then the programme has been continuously strengthened and as a result of that the Gujarat State has become a pioneer as also a leading state in this field.

Initially from 1970 to 1980, the programme was supported through budgetary provisions of the state government. The results were very encouraging which led to creation of a separate Social Forestry Wing in the Forest Department to enhance the level of working. Subsequently, external funding from the World Bank as well as from Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) under Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) was sought for extending the Social Forestry programme on a massive scale. The Social Forestry Wing was further strengthened during the External Aided Projects. In fact, Gujarat state has been recognized nationally and internationally for its successful implementation of the Social Forestry programme. The details regarding achievements are tabulated below.

Year Area (Ha) Program
2017-18 35021 Social Forestry plantations
2016-17 29993 Social Forestry plantations
2015-16 17068 Social Forestry plantations
2014-15 21965 Social Forestry plantations
2013-14 17968 Social Forestry plantations
2012-13 14141 Social Forestry plantations
2002-03 to 2011-12 1,61,941 Social Forestry plantations were largely undertaken under the State Scheme and some under GFDP Phase II
1996-97 to 2001-02 94241 Integrated Forestry Development Project (IFDP) with assistance from the OECF (Japan)
1996-97 to 2001-02 94241 Integrated Forestry Development Project (IFDP) with assistance from the OECF (Japan)
1993-94 to 1995-96 46410 Social Forestry plantations were undertaken under the state schemes.
1985-86 to 1992-93 1,05,643 Word Bank Phase 2, second phase was implemented with assistance from the Word Bank and USAID.
1980-81 to 1984-85 78780 Word Bank Phase 1, first phase of Social Forestry called "Community Forestry Project" was implemented with assistance from the Word Bank.
1969-70 to 1979-80 37085 Social Forestry Plantations carried out through the State Scheme.

Impact of Social Forestry Development in The State

As a result of continuous effort to increase the tree cover in Gujarat, the achievements of the state can be listed among the best conservation/restoration stories in the world. As per the India State of Forests report 2011 published by Forest Survey of India, the Tree cover outside forests (ToF) was 7837sq km which has increased to 8358 sq km (Forest Survey of India report 2013) which is 4.26% of geographical area as against to 2.78 % of National average. It is to mention that despite the fact having adverse agro climatic conditions, Gujarat is the second highest among the states of India, in having area under trees outside forests.

Gujarat is the only State in the country which has initiated the tree census for the areas outside forests. So far three censuses have been carried out, the details of findings are as under. The number of trees outside the forest area increased from about 25.1 crores in 2003 to 26.9 crores in 2009 to 30.14 cores in 2013 in the state, and tree density from 16.1 trees/ha in 2009 to 18.5 trees/ha in 2013.

The Estimate of Gross Product from Forestry and Logging by the CSO (2010)
At Price Prevailing in 2009-10 in Gujarat State As Under

Product Value
(Rs. In Lakh)
Timber Recorded 4875
Fuel Wood NTFP / Fodder 194563
Trees Outside Forest (TOF) 438777
Unrecorded Production 488
Total 638703
The Estimate of Gross Product from Forestry and Logging by the CSO (2010)
At Price Prevailing in 2009-10 in Gujarat State As Under
Product Value
(Rs. In Lakh)
Timber Recorded 4875
Fuel Wood NTFP / Fodder 194563
Trees Outside Forest (TOF) 438777
Unrecorded Production 488
Total 638703
Go to Navigation