Public Oriented Wildlife Managemnet State Schemes
Public Oriented Wildlife Managemnet State Schemes

Public Oriented Wildlife Managemnet State Schemes

Landscape Management of Sloth Bear Corridors in Gujarat

The effective measures for wildlife conservation taken in Gujarat resulted into successive increase in number of wild animals. The population of sloth bears in the forests of central and north Gujarat has also increased. As bears are declared as protected species under Schedule-1 of the Wild Animals Protection Act 1972, they are given maximum protection. The present population of bears in the following sanctuaries in the state is as follows :

Sr. No District Forest Area Sanctuary Estimated Population of Bears
1 Banaskantha Banaskantha Balaram Ambaji 45
2 Banaskantha Banaskantha Jesor 45
3 Panchmahal Godhara Jambughoda 8
4 Dahod Bariya Ratanmahal 72
5 Narmada Narmada Shoolpaneshwar 25
Other Area (Outside Areas of Sanctuary) 98
કુલ ૨૯૩

The above sanctuaries are managed under the state government’s scheme ‘Management of National Parks and Sanctuaries’, however bears are found outside these sanctuaries also. e.g. movement of bears are seen between Balaram-Ambaji and Jessore sanctuaries. Similar movements are seen between Jambughoda and Ratanmahal sanctuaries. As per the field level information, observation and wildlife studies some of such corridors are identified as breeding areas for bears. If the required actions are not taken in terms of wild animal management, there are chances of adverse effect on the population of bears. One of the objectives of focusing on eco tourism is long term conservation of wild animals. The human-bear conflicts have been escalated in these corridors, for which planned action is required to be taken.

Considering the above facts, there is a proposal for conservation of wild animals and public awareness as well as connecting people with conservation of wild animals and making them stake holders in the program in the connecting wildlife corridors of Balaram-Ambaji, Jessore, Ratanmahal and Jambughoda sloth bear sanctuaries and surrounding areas of Shoolpaneshwar wildlife sanctuary. As all these are tribal areas, the objective of tribal development will also be fulfilled by this project. This project shall be implemented by the above mentioned four forest authorities. Under this project, the following activities will be undertaken :

  • Habitat restoration and improvement activity in corridor area : (estimated Rs. 150 lakh)
    • To create water sources for wild animals
    • To improve habitat by planting trees useful for bears
    • Protection of the places of abode and breeding areas of bears
  • Activities to improve required capacity to manage human-bear conflicts in the corridor areas (estimated Rs. 50 lakh)
  • Activity to connect people of the villages in bear corridor with bear protection and making them stake holder in this project (estimated Rs. 50 lakh)
  • Intensive public communication (estimated Rs. 50 lakh)

Hence total Rs. 300 lakh will be required for the above mentioned project during the year 2015-16. With the above intention, a new ‘Landscape Management of Sloth Bear Corridors in Gujarat’ scheme for the year 2015-16 has been proposed under the planning department : 1 (budget head : 2406 – tribes).

Animal Care Center

For conservation of wildlife of the state, 23 sanctuaries, 4 national parks and 1 conservation reserve have been declared by the state government. The movement of the wild animals freely roaming in the protected areas is now seen outside forest areas as per the situation in revenue areas, wasteland or fallow lands. Animal Care Centers are set-up in Saurashtra to rescue wild animals including Asiatic lions, but as there is no such facility available in Central Gujarat, there is a need to establish an Animal Care Centre with modern facilities at Ahmedabad to take care in case of injury or illness of the wild animals of Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar and districts of North Gujarat. A bird care centre has been established at Bodakdev in Ahmedabad which is proposed to be developed as a full-fledged Animal Care Centre with more facilities.

Asiatic Lion Landscape Management

The habitat of Asiatic lions has not been limited to Gir sanctuary. Now they are found in the areas under Bhavnagar regional division, GA Bhavnagar, GA Junagadh and GA Amreli. The population of which is about 125. This entire area is outside the sanctuary or national park. New scheme has been suggested with a view to provide information to field staff and local people about conservation and care of lions, to create awareness about nature and to make them committed towards protection of lions, the pride of Gujarat.

Crocodile Park Project

The project has been proposed to prevent crocodile-human conflicts. The 2 hectare park will be developed between Vadodara and Narmada district as soon as the place is made available. This will help prevent crocodile-human conflicts, will boost tourism and will provide information and study on crocodile behavior.

Crocodiles are found substantially in many village lakes across various districts in Gujarat. These lakes are mainly used for washing of clothes and utensils, bathing, cattle cleaning and drinking water, etc. Frequent incidents of crocodile attacks on human and grabbing of small animals happen. The crocodiles sometimes reach to the surrounding fields through canals crossing the village also. This increases the incidents of crocodile-human conflict. It is required to set-up necessary infrastructure and facilities for the activities to prevent such incidents in the future.

Great Indian Bustard (Ghorad)

Great Indian Bustard (Ghorad) is a Schedule-1 bird under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. This largest of the flying birds is included in IUCN’s critically endangered category. There are only 150 of this bird in the whole country. in Gujarat, the habitat of this bird is in grasslands of Naliya of Abdasa taluka in Kutch, where it is estimated to have about 30 to 40 of this birds. Total 2 sq. km. area has been declared as Great Indian Bustard sanctuary. As the area of the sanctuary is too small, the surrounding grassland is the actual habitat of this rare bird. About 1068 sq. km. area of 48 villages in Abdasa taluka situated around Naliya sanctuary are covered for the long term conservation of this bird. A new project namely ‘Management of Great Indian Bustards Landscape in Kutch’ with annual provision of Rs. 1 crore is proposed under state planning for the year 2015-16. Following activities will be carried out under this project.

  • Habitat Improvement
    • To destroy desmanthus and other plants or anything unsuitable for grasslands
    • Suitable plantation in breeding areas
    • Fencing work to protect eggs of the bird from other animals in breeding areas
  • Contacting local people to join the efforts of preservation
  • Eco development activities in local villages
Project to shift wild animals

Hon. Chief Minister held a meeting to check the menace of Roze, attended by senior officials of the concerned departments. As per the decision taken in the meeting, Sarpanchs of total 3534 villages have been given authority to eliminate Roze and they are also given proper understanding by providing required material. In the areas where the population of roze is more and creating trouble, they are to be shifted to protected place and limit their field considering the demand by villagers and Sarpanchs. For which a project is to be prepared and prepare a team of experts for shifting of wild animals. Rs. 1 crore is proposed as a part of the said pilot project that will include selecting grassland with fencing around it. GIS maps will be prepared with the help of BISAG. Five teams will be prepared in the first phase that will start shifting of the animal.

In this regard, it is suggested to grab the animal by dig method or any other method after assessing the population of roze on its route. Similarly, other herbivores are also proposed to be shifted by using transquilizers.

Veterinary Doctor

There are 4 national parks and 23 sanctuaries in the state. With the increase in population of wild animals, incidents of man-animal face-off also have increased. Hence, it is necessary to bring injured wild animals to Animal Care Centre for rescuing.

As per the guidelines of Government of India, the presence of a competent veterinary doctor is compulsory at the time of tranquilizing any wild animal and hence it is required to have such doctors in the sensitive districts. Veterinary doctors available at district centers usually treat pet/domestic animals and they have less experience of treating wild animals. Moreover, in some circumstances, it is required to rescue wild animals by putting the life at risk, which is highly required in some sensitive areas. Districts like Tapi, Surat, Narmada, Panchmahal, Dahod, Sabarkantha, Banaskantha, Mehsana, Porbandar and Amreli are included in such districts. A proposal has been submitted to the State Government to approve the vacancy of 10 veterinary doctors in the year 2015-16 by outsourcing or on contract basis.

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