Schemes

Strip Plantation

Beginning with the year 1970, the land which remained un-utilized along roads, railway lines, and canals was planted with trees as per the available space. Under this scheme, 1.03 lakh ha area has been afforested till date. In such plantations, the fodder grass which comes up in the plot is collected free of cost by the local stakeholders. Also, due to the plantation intervention, the aesthetic value of such places has greatly improved. In addition, the trees prevent hot summer winds from damaging the adjoining farm lands and also provides different minor forest produce to the local populace. When the trees are mature, the trees are auctioned and 50% of the net profit (after deducting the plantation expenditure) is deposited in the account of Taluka panchayat for utilization in developmental works of the respective taluka.

Gram van

The state has about 18066 villages and more than 13000 panchayats. The annual income of the panchayats is usually very low, on the other hand, the Panchayats are in possession of plenty of Gauchar lands, where the amount and quality of grass is very low. These lands are also highly prone to erosion. The scheme of Gramvan was started in 1974 all over the state in order to suitably develop such lands. Under this scheme, through panchayat resolution, 4 ha of gaucher is usually allotted to the Department for the purpose of creation of Gramvan. The creation of Gramvan has multiple benefits such as creation of source of income to the panchayat, supply of wood resource to local population at their door step, prevention of encroachments, soil and moisture conservation, etc. Upon maturity, the trees are auctioned and 75% of the net income (after deduction of expenses) is handed over to the Village Panchayat for use in developmental activities. The remaining 25% amount is deposited in a joint account of Range Forest Officer and Sarpanch, and is utilized for re-plantation activities in the village.

Rehabilitation of Degraded Farm Land (RDFL)

Under this scheme, private farmlands, especially those with medium to low productivity are selected for tree plantation in block or on the bunds. The area selected is usually up to 1ha per beneficiary who is usually a small or marginal farmer, or belonging to the scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe category. The Department undertakes raising of plants, digging of pits and planting in the farm at its cost. If the beneficiary so wishes, he/ she can undertake pit digging themselves. However, the post plantation care of the plants is the responsibility of the beneficiary. For first three years,at the end of each year, survival link if is compensation is paid. The ownership of the trees is wholly with the beneficiary. This scheme, which has not only resulted in better efficiency of land use, but also has benefited the economically to the farmers.

Environmental Plantation

Under this model, tree plantation is undertaken in schools, colleges, Government premises, institutions of public importance, places of tourist and religious importance, etc. In addition to improving the aesthetic beauty of the place, these plantations also make the micro climate of the place more amicable.

Drip Irrigation

Under this model, tree plantation is undertaken gradually slopy areas of barren hillocks in order to cover these hills by vegetation with trees using the technology of Drip Irrigation.

Plantation along ponds/ lakes/ river banks

This scheme is implemented from 2012-13.There are many rivers in Gujarat state like Narmada, Ambica, Tapi, Mahi, Vatrak, Sabarmati, Banas etc. If there should be a plantation on the available land on the river bank not only increase in greenery and tree-coverage but it will help as shelter to small wild animals' hideout. In present the condition is very poor to survive animals and reptiles. This type of plantation will be helpful to provide beautiful environment to the village people near-by and protect the species endanger and other species of flowers, plants, climbers etc as well.

Decentralized School / Kisan nursery

Under this scheme, plants are raised in the nurseries by small and marginal farmers, BPL card holder families, landless laborers, and schools. The interested stakeholders have to submit and application in this regard in response to advertisement in the local media. Once the nursery is allotted to the stakeholder, financial support is provided by the Forest Department in various installments, as per Government guidelines. This scheme is a part of the vanmahotsav scheme of the Department

Van Mahotsav

Given the low forest cover in the state, it is imperative to increase the Tree Outside Forest (ToF) density in order to achieve the goals stipulated under National Forest Policy 1988. This was aptly foreseen by the first Agriculture and Forest Minister of independent India, Late Sh. KanhaiyalalMunshi. He initiated the concept of making tree plantation a movement of the masses in celebration mode and coined the term "Vanmahotsav”. Ever since the first Vanmahotsav was celebrated in 1950, it has become a popular celebration in each and every monsoon all over the country.

Initially, the seedlings were supplied by the Department free of cost to the beneficiaries. Many new nurseries were opened so as to fulfill the peoples' demand for saplings, as per the local demand. In due course of time, tree improvement programmes followed wherein plants obtained from Candidate Plus Trees (CPTs), grafted fruit species, clonal plants, etc were distributed at a nominal price in accordance with revised Government guidelines. In order to encourage and guide the farmers in tree farming, Farmer's Camps are also organized by the Department. The Department also publishes relevant literature for free distribution to farmers. All these initiatives have led to massive tree plantations in every monsoon in rural and urban areas, in habitation areas as well as in wastelands and other non productive lands. In addition, decentralized people's nurseries by various categories of stakeholders have ensured plant availability within reasonable distance of the villages.

In Gujarat, the concept of vanmahotsav has undergone a sea change since 2004, wherein under the guidance of the Chief Minister, it was decide to celebrate a state level vanmahotsav to be presided over by the Chief Minister himself, every district level vanmahotsav to be presided over by a cabinet minister, and taluka and village level vanmahotsav to be presided over by dignitaries. This has led to greater mass involvement in the celebrations, making the vanmahotsav serve its purpose better. The places selected for state vanmahotsav are generally places of historical, cultural and religious importance, resulting in creation of "Sanskrutic Vans”. It was initiated at Gandhinagar in 2004 (Punit Van), in the year 2014 as Shaki van at (Kagwad) Rajkot.

Improved Crematoria

As per the prevailing custom of consigning dead body to flames, each such funeral performed in the open consumes about 400 kg of fuel wood. The use of improved crematorium however reduces the wood requirement by about 35%.

Under this scheme, improved crematorium is provided and fitted free of cost to panchayat and nagarpalikas as per their demand placed in advance with the Department. Preference is given to units with an existing shed. However, after installation, it is expected that the crematoria is maintained by the respective panchayat/ nagarpalika.

Special Component Program

The Special Component Program is a centrally aided programme for providing development benefits to Scheduled Castes in proportion to their population both in physical and financial terms.

The following benefits are delivered to the targeted beneficiaries by this Department.

SCP-RDFL

This scheme is similar to RDFL scheme with the condition that the beneficiary belongs to Scheduled Caste community.

SCP-Decentralised Peoples Nursery

This scheme is similar to DCP scheme with the condition that the beneficiary/ Beneficiary group belongs to Scheduled Caste community.

Distribution of Grafted Fruit Plants with tree guard

The scheme is meant for those persons of scheduled caste community who have been alotted housing under Indira/ Sardar/ AmbedkarAwasYojana of the Government. Under this scheme, two grafted plants of fruit species is provided, usually with tree guard per beneficiary free of cost. It is expected that the beneficiary completes timely planting of the saplings and takes appropriate after care.

Environment (E) and Ashram Shala (E-As) Plantation Models

Under this model, tree plantation is undertaken in areas where there is significant population of scheduled castes and in Ashram Shalas (Residential schools) housing SC students, respectively. The plantation would not only improve the environment but would be a source of income to Ashram Shalas as well.

Vankutir

This scheme of the Department is intended to spread awareness about tree plantation and environment, especially in the rural areas. Under this scheme, the Department constructs an RCC hutment of standard design at public places such as village chauraha, bus station, etc where people gather in considerable numbers. The Vankutir will have slogans and messages related to environment, forestry and tree farming prominently displayed on them. Vankutirs also are used to hold "KhedutShibirs” (Farmer's camps) for promotion of Social Forestry.

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