Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary
Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary


Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary,
Narmada Forest Division, Rajpipla, Gujarat.
Phone : 02640 220013

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

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About the Sanctuary

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife SanctuaryThis sanctuary has vast, undulating terrain, ever-pervading greenery, tall inspiring canopy, deep awesome valleys, somberly silent rocks, gentle youthful streams, majestic waterfalls, breathtaking landscapes, culminating at the congregation of Vindhyan-Satpura hill ranges. The sanctuary was first created in 1982 over an area of 150.87 sq. km. As "Dumkhal Sanctuary"- an important home for sloth bears. Subsequently, in 1987 and 1989, the area of the sanctuary was enlarged to 607.70sq. Km. and it was renamed as "Shoolpaneshwar Sanctuary".

Shoolpaneshwar Wild Life SanctuaryThe forest area rated as one of the best and thickest in the state, is spread over an area, which includes a major watershed feeding two major reservoirs with the Rajpipla hills as backdrop. The thick vegetative ground cover not only provides endless greenery and habitat and home to a variety of life forms, but also conserves the soil and water.

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife SanctuaryThe sanctuary derives its name "Shoolpaneshwar" from a historic temple of Lord Shiva, which once existed in this region on the banks of river Narmada. The temple is now submerged due to the Sardar Sarovar Reservoir. However, a new Shoolpaneshwar temple has since been built near Rajpipla. The word "Shoolpaneshwar" refers to Lord Shiva portrayed as having "Shool" or "Trishul" in his hand i.e. `Pani’.

The area is predominantly tribal with 'Vasavas' as the main tribal community. The local population heavily depends on the forest produce for socio-economic sustenance. A mere glance at the tribal houses and habitations reflects their dependence on bamboos in every sphere of life. Bamboo is indeed `poor man’s timber’. Large flying squirrel is a nocturnal forest animal. It roosts in tree holes or prepares large leaf nests. Squirrels call during night, which betrays their presence. Although known as flying squirrel, it cannot fly and can only glide through the air, covering wide gaps. The membrane connecting its limbs forms a parachute that helps it glide.

Head-body length
Tail length Weight Gestation period Food
40 cm 60 cm. 1.5 to 2.00 kg. 45 days Fruits, nuts, bark, gum, buds and leaves

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife SanctuaryThe flora of the ecosystem represents semi-evergreen to moist deciduous forest. There are more than 575 species of flowering plants like timru, amla, khair, aritha, sadad, tanachh, karanj, bamboo, mahuda, bor, herde, amaltas etc. There are vast patches of bamboo crops often referred to as bamboo-brakes.

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife SanctuaryThe sanctuary is a home for 32 species of mammals, several species of reptiles, 198 species of birds and countless insects.

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife SanctuarySloth bear, leopard, rhesus macaque, common mongoose, Indian civet cat, Indian porcupine, four-horned antelope, barking deer, chital, pangolin, flying squirrel, python, snakes, lizards, tortoise etc. The sanctuary has the rare distinction of having flying squirrels. It is reported to have tigers, leopard cat and wild dogs in the past. However, tigers have not been sighted here for more than two decades.

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife SanctuaryCrested serpent eagle, shikra, sparrow hawk, great-horned owl, gray hornbill, red and gray jungle fowls etc.

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife SanctuaryAddress : Deputy Conservator of Forests,
Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Narmada Forest Division, Rajpipla, Gujarat.
Phone(O) : 02640 220013

  • The Nearest airport is Vadodara (90 kms).
  • Ahmedabad (260 kms.)approximately
  • The Nearest bus station is Rajpipla (10 kms).

The Nearest Railway station are :

  • Bharuch - 80 Kms
  • Post monsoon to winter (November to March) is the best season to visit the sanctuary.
  • Shoolpaneshwar temple at Rajpipla
  • Rupgadh Fort
  • Ninai Waterfall
  • Sardar Sarovar dam
  • Interpretation Centre at Kevadia
  • Wadia Palace at Rajpipla
  • Rest house - Dediapada, Rajpipla, Sagai, Kewadia
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