Soil And Moisture Conservation
Soil And Moisture Conservation

Soil And Moisture Conservation

Forest is the origin for the streams and rivers, therefore it is very important to conserve soil and moisture in its catchment area. The Department has started soil and moisture conservation works such as check-dams, gully plugging, and forest tanks (Van-Talao) movement in the late nineties which still continues. Soil and moisture Conservation works have become integral part of the Forest Development.

Soil Moisture Conservation works in the forest area marked for the plantation activity are carried on watershed basis. This approach is aimed at enhancing land productivity and to increase the soil moisture availability for a longer period.

Nature of SMC Works

Emphasis is given to the drainage line treatment. The above described SMC works are indicative and general. SMC works on the site are carried out as per the site specific approved treatment plan.

SMC works

Gradonies, Contour dykes, Van-talavadis, Small earthen Check dams are prepared depending on site conditions. Emphasis is given to contour line treatment with small and medium SMC works.

So far as the SMC and area development works are concerned, entire coupe would be treated as an unit. In area prone to soil erosion, pukka nala-bunds or check dam are constructed. Ring bunds at the heads of the nala and gullies are also prepared. Seed sowing of appropriate species such as Ratanjyot, bamboo or khair are sown on the outer side of stonewall, internal plantation demarcation line or on other soil based SMC works.

Various plantation models such as mangrove plantation, coastal border plantation, plantation as per the provision in different areas, soil and moisture conservation works of forest and plantation areas, maintenance & un-keep of plantation areas with different models are formulated for different areas and executed under different schemes. The plantation models under Soil & Moisture Conservation Scheme are as under:

Name of Plantation Model Under SMC Model Details At: Download
Eco-Restoration of Degraded Forest Land Annexure-I PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(11.7 KB)
Aided Artificial Regeneration of Forest Land Annexure-II PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(12.6 KB)
Bamboo Plantation Annexure-III PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(14.0 KB)
Coastal Border Plantation Annexure-IV PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(10.0 KB)
GRASS Development in Plain Vidi Area Annexure-V PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(13.8 KB)
Grass Development in Plain & Undulating Vidi Area Annexure-VI PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(13.1 KB)
Mangrove Plantation Through Seed Sowing Annexure-VII PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(8.0 KB)
Mangrove Plantation by Seedlings Annexure-VIII PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(9.06 KB)
Greening of Barren Hills Plantation Annexure-IX PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(11.7 KB)
X-Achievements of SMC Scheme Annexure-X PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(22.2 KB)
XI-Vidi Impro. Proj-Abstract Annexure-XI PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(6.84 KB)
XII- Cons of Mangroves &Coral Annexure-XII PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site.(23.6 KB)

Improvement of Grass Vidis

This project is aimed at intensive grass management in Grass vidis of Saurashtra, Kachchh and Central Gujarat region as well as Banni area and to increase storage capacity of grass in different part of Gujarat. The stored grass will be used for the scarcity period in the state. This project includes treatment of Grasslands according to its requirements as well as purchase of Bailing Machines, Construction of Watch Towers, Construction and repairing of Grass godowns & other infrastructure, protection & up gradation of the area, Applied Research, etc.

Various works proposed and financial estimates for the same are at Annexure-XI.

Communication And Building

Most of the forest staff live in the interior area of the State, far away from the district and Takula Hq. They are also required to stay in their head-quarters 24 hours. Availability of rented accommodation is also almost non-existent in such area. As residential quarters are insufficient and sometimes very old and inhabitable, development of new residential staff colonies is very important. Requirement of residential quarters is of crucial importance for this Department field staff i.e. Range Forest Officers, Round Foresters and Beat Guards in such interior areas. They are entitled for rent free accommodation. Further, provision of such buildings will enable the staff to stay close to places of their duty, which will improve their performance and contribute to the effective implementation of works assigned to them.

Action plan for conservation and Management of Mangroves and Coral Reef in Gulf of Kutch and Khambhat.

Mangrove Plantations

Gujarat has a long coastline and two out of three gulfs of the Country, namely Gulf of Kutchh and Gulf of Khambhat. They are the regions of rich biological diversity. In fact, on the inter-tidal zone, mangrove vegetation are found which provide large-scale food and good habitat for marine life. Restocking of old mangrove areas and Afforestation of the new inter tidal mud flats would offer excellent resting, roosting and breeding sites for aquatic birds. The high biological activity associated with mangroves is also responsible for food provided for the hundreds of thousands of migrant birds that visit our region for wintering. Ramifying root systems of mangrove act as effective silt traps and the filtering action prevents the silt from getting deposited on coral formations. Thus mangrove ecosystem would improve the ecology as well as economic development of the area. They are of immense value for the growth of estuarine fisheries and allied occupations. The herding cattle find good fodder in mangrove particularly during scarcity periods. Gujarat has presently 940 Sq.km of mangrove forests. Recently potential area for raising mangrove has been identified and estimated to be approximately 1400 sq.km. Along with the plantation of new areas, restocking of existing mangrove forest is also necessary. Plantation programme is undertaken to address these issues.

Physical and Financial achievement made under conservation of Mangroves and coral reef in the state during the last five years under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme captioned as Conservation & Management Mangrove & Coral Reef are as atAnnexure –XII.

Annexure –XII.

Physical and Financial achievement made under conservation of Mangroves and coral reef in the state during the last five years under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme captioned as Conservation & Management Mangrove & Coral Reef are as at

Conservation & Management Mangrove & Coral Reef Chart

Name of Scheme Financial Year Physical Allotted Physical Achieved Financial Allotted Financial Achieved
Conservation & Management Mangrove & Coral Reef 2010-11 9190 8070 382 295.14
2011-12 4630 2935 350 184.32
2012-13 3400 4875 350 349.98
2013-14 2300 3987 247.23 247.23
2014-15 3800 2850 400 40
Total 23320 22717 1729.23 1116.67
Conservation & Management Mangrove & Coral Reef
Name of Scheme Financial Year Physical Allotted Physical Achieved Financial Allotted Financial Achieved
Conservation & Management Mangrove & Coral Reef 2010-11 9190 8070 382 295.14
2011-12 4630 2935 350 184.32
2012-13 3400 4875 350 349.98
2013-14 2300 3987 247.23 247.23
2014-15 3800 2850 400 40
Total 23320 22717 1729.23 1116.67

Integrated Forest Protection Scheme

The Forests are prone to various types of damages such as fire, grazing, illicit tree cutting, encroachments on lands etc. To protect the forest area from such damages, protection infrastructure need to be strengthened. The forests are highly susceptible to forest fires which many case due to natural or man-made cases. The fire incidences, if not controlled within the shortest possible time, cause irreversible damages in terms of properties and destruction of wildlife and eco-diversity. The scheme envisages various measures to control the forest fires. Under this scheme, protection measures such as modernization of forest force & fire fighting are special fields.

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