Wildlife Conservation
Wildlife Conservation

Introduction

Wildlife Conservation

The State of Gujarat is situated on the western coast of India. This region is mostly arid and semi arid with a vast coastline of about 1600 km. Diverse geo-physical and eco-climatic features of the maritime state of Gujarat having long coastline, merging of major mountain systems of India viz. The Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpuda and Sahyandri [Western Ghats] have given rise to diverse ecosystems including various types of Forests, Grasslands, Mangroves, water bodies, wetlands, arid deserts, saline deserts, etc. The diverse ecosystems, evolutionary history, trans-continental migration of species in the past, location en-route to the annual migration of species and long conservation efforts of the people of Gujarat have given rise to the rich bilogical diversity.

The PA network of the State of Gujarat comprises of 28 PAs including 23 Sanctuaries, 4 National Parks and 1 Conservation Reserve having total area of 16619.81 sq.km. (8.37%) and 480.12 sq.km. (0.24%), respectively. Though, the geographical area of Gujarat is only 5.9% of the total area of India, it contributes 11.37% (17099.93 sq. km.) area to the total PA (148532 sq.km) of the country. Out of the total 17099.93 sq.km. Of PA, only 4640.58 sq.km. 27.45% is Forest Land of various categories, whereas larger contribution is from non-forest ecosystems including mainly the saline deserts [124559.92 sq.km. i.e.73.71% of the total PA].

The PA network of Gujarat covers all the Bio-geographical zones and regions as well as all types of ecosystems represented in the state. It also covers important habitat types essentially required for the conservation of the endangered/threatened species.

Gujarat State is rich in faunal diversity being home for a number of wildlife species. It is the only home of Asiatic Lion & Indian Wild Ass. There are about 3,050 animal, 107 mammal and 526 avian species and it has rich marine life. Gujarat is paradise for the birds and has 29 out of 82 globally threatened species. It has 4 National Parks, 23 Sanctuaries and 1 Conservation Reserve.

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